What are minor sins?
A. Minor sin is that one about which there is no "Wa'eed" (warning of dire consequences) i.e. no particular punishment has been defined by Islaam. Minor sins of a believer are vitiated/forgiven by the blessings of his worship, goodness, alms-giving, obedience to parents etc.
According to Catholicism, a venial sin is a lesser sin that does not result in a complete separation from God and eternal damnation in Hell as an unrepented mortal sin would.
If you avoid the major sins that you are forbidden, We will absolve you of your misdeeds and admit you to a noble abode. This ayat is speaking about those minor sins, which are forgiven in lieu of avoiding greater sins and performing all Wajib duties.
Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember” [Qur'an, 11:114]. It is from the immense mercy of Allah that minor sins are forgiven readily through virtually every good deed and act of worship, like giving in charity, reading Qur'an, or praying tahajjud.
These are the infamous seven: pride, greed, lust, envy, gluttony, wrath and sloth.
Major sins are those which appear by name in the Qur'an or hadith as the subject of an explicit threat of punishment, prescribed legal penalty, or curse. Minor sins may be forgiven from prayer to prayer, from one Friday prayer to another, and so forth, as there many acts and deeds through which minor sins are forgiven.
Dante defined lust as the disordered love for individuals. It is generally thought to be the least serious capital sin, as it is an abuse of a faculty that humans share with animals and sins of the flesh are less grievous than spiritual sins.
There are three sins that lie behind discontent—pride, rebellion and unbelief. These are the original sins of the devil and his angels.
For Augustine (De Trin. xii, 12) describes three stages of sin, of which the first is "when the carnal sense offers a bait," which is the sin of thought; the second stage is reached "when one is satisfied with the mere pleasure of thought"; and the third stage, "when consent is given to the deed."
Khati'ah is considered by many scholars to be a “moral lapse” or a “mistake” This interpretation has led some scholars to believe that Khati'ah is a lesser sin than ithm; however, the word Khati'ah is frequently used in conjunction with ithm in the Quran.
What are the 5 mortal sins?
These sins are vices and are defined as contrary to the Christian virtues of holiness. They are pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth (acedia).
Start with a simple definition: sin is the bad stuff we do that makes God sad and separates us from him, often hurting us and other people (See Isaiah 59:1-2; Rom. 3:23; James 4:17). Offer your child examples they can relate to: fighting with a brother or sister, stealing from a friend, or disobeying mom or dad.